Preparing for Your

Healthcare Appointment

Unfortunately, not all healthcare providers are familiar with PBA. That’s why preparing for your next healthcare appointment is so important. Find tips below for what to do before you speak with your healthcare provider.

There is a treatment option for PBA.

Images of people affected by Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA)
Images of people affected by Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA)

All participants are real patients/caregivers and have been compensated.

Participant is a real patient and has been compensated.

Before your appointment

Before your next healthcare appointment, take our 7-question PBA Quiz and see if your symptoms could suggest PBA. At the end of the quiz, you will have access to additional resources that can help you prepare for a conversation with your healthcare provider, including PBA Nurse Talk* (for those eligible).

Take the PBA Quiz
Sequena, a patient with Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA)

Sequena is a real patient and has been compensated.

* PBA Nurse Talk is sponsored by Avanir Pharmaceuticals, Inc., which is committed to supporting those who may be suffering from PBA. This program is offered at no cost to those eligible, does not require health insurance, and does not replace speaking with a healthcare provider – only a healthcare provider can diagnose PBA. PBA Nurse Talk conversations will remain completely confidential. PBA Nurse Talk is only available to people experiencing uncontrollable crying and/or laughing, not their caregivers.

Prepare for your healthcare appointment

You may find it difficult to describe your sudden, frequent and uncontrollable crying and/or laughing episodes to others, which is why it’s so important to take steps to prepare before having a conversation with your healthcare provider. The more information you can provide, the better they will be able to help you manage your episodes.

Caregivers: Find more information on caring for your loved one at Caregiving for PBA.

Getting an accurate PBA diagnosis is key.

Because PBA can only happen in people with certain neurologic conditions or a brain injury, its symptoms are often misunderstood. Sudden, frequent, uncontrollable crying and/or laughing from PBA can be mistaken for other conditions or symptoms, such as:

Bipolar Disorder

A disorder associated with mood swings*

A mood disorder that causes persistent feelings of sadness*

Learn more about PBA and depression


(post-traumatic stress disorder)

A disorder that follows a traumatic event, sometimes associated with conditions like TBI*


A feeling sometimes communicated through crying, especially in people with Alzheimer’s disease†

It is possible to have any of these symptoms while having PBA. Each condition should be diagnosed separately and managed by a doctor.

Only your healthcare provider can diagnose PBA. That's why it's important to give a full picture of your crying and/or laughing episodes — including how often they occur and their impact.

* Ahmed A, et al. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2013;9:483-489.
** Engelman W, Hammond FM, Malec JF. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014;10:1903-1910.
† Crumpacker DW, Engelman WA. Identifying pseudobulbar affect in Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. US Neurol. 2014;10:10-14.